Summary of the Minamata Convention on Mercury

Main Obligations for Nations

Prohibition of the manufacture, import and export of mercury and products containing mercury
(Batteries, Switches, Relays, Skin-lightening Cosmetics, Thermometers, Blood Pressure Monitors and etc.)

Prohibition of the development of new mercury mines

Requirement of air emission control for all plants

Process & Schedule of Treaty

  • 2013Agreed in Minamata City
  • 2017Enter into force 90 days after 50 governments ratified.
  • Before 2020Arrangement and engagement of the Minamata Convention on Mercury has to be fulfilled.

List of Signatories as of Sep. 2017

Number of Signatories: 128

  • Albania
  • Angola
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bangladesh
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Benin
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo, Republic of the
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Honduras
  • Hungary
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kenya
  • Korea, Republic of
  • Kuwait
  • Latvia
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova, Republic of
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Norway
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Samoa
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tanzania, United Republic of
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • United States of America
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Viet Nam
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

Number of Ratifications: 70

  • EU
  • Canada
  • Burkina Faso
  • Afghanistan
  • Norway
  • St Kitts and Nevis
  • Slovakia
  • Finland
  • Niger
  • Austria
  • France
  • Czech Republic
  • Djibouti
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • Jamaica
  • Kiribati
  • Latvia
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Namibia
  • Nicaragua
  • Palau
  • Rwanda
  • Slovenia
  • Sri Lanka
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Thailand
  • Viet Nam
  • Honduras
  • Ghana
  • Costa Rica
  • China
  • Swaziland
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Sierra Leone
  • Benin
  • Gambia
  • Ecuador
  • Switzerland
  • Mali
  • Botswana
  • Zambia
  • Senegal
  • Togo
  • Bolivia
    (Plurinational State of)
  • Japan
  • Peru
  • Chad
  • Djibouti
  • Gabon
  • Guinea
  • Guyana
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lesotho
  • Madagascar
  • Mauritania
  • Mexico
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Samoa
  • Seychelles
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United States of America
  • Uruguay

Reference Website